Thursday, June 25, 2020

Strengths and Weaknesses of Aristotles Arguments - 825 Words

Strengths and Weaknesses of Aristotle's Arguments (Essay Sample) Content: Students Name:Professor:Class:Date:AristotleAristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher and scholar whose work influenced the thoughts of several generations of scholars. Aristotle was not only a philosopher but also a scientist who wrote documents on biology, physics, and other concepts of natural science. It is also important to note that Aristotle contributed to logic, ethics, linguistics, poetry, metaphysics, and zoology among others. Since his studies covered many subjects, many scholars refer to Aristotle as one of the pioneers in research and philosophy. Aristotle was a student at the Platos academy. This paper focuses on Aristotle as a scholar and his contributions to the development of western philosophy and knowledge.Strengths and Weaknesses of Aristotles ArgumentsAristotle was the first person to study formal logic. Several scholars have agreed that Aristotle developed formal logic through his works. Many scholars used prior analytics, which he developed, un til the 19th century (Bambrough and Bobzien 12). The thoughts and writings of Aristotle helped other scholars to conduct their philosophical and scientific studies in the ancient Greece. Moreover, Aristotles work did not focus on one specific subject. Instead, he contributed to the study of poetry, linguistics, zoology, physics, metaphysics, morality, logic, and ethics among others. Unlike Plato, who focused on non-material world, Aristotle developed theories, which could be used to explain natural phenomena. Additionally, his theories were not meant to overrule other theories that already existed. For instance, Aristotle did not attempt to challenge God with his works on metaphysics (Bambrough and Bobzien 12). Aristotle could support his arguments with strong evidence since most of his discoveries and revelations were based on observation of the natural world.Even though Aristotle was one of the most celebrated scholars, some of his works had their weaknesses. For instance, he coul d not provide evidence to support his position that the physical world was the source of knowledge. Notably, Aristotle relied on observations and experiences while formulating his theories (Bambrough and Bobzien 8). It is wrong to assume that all people are likely to have the same experiences. Therefore, it is reasonable to say that some of his observations were not correct. The introduction of mathematical logic proved that Aristotles theories were not sufficient to elucidate every subject appropriately. Even though Aristotles works had weaknesses and strengths, people still consider the scholar as one of the greatest ever due to the contributions he made to various disciplines.Importance of AristotleAfter the death of Plato, Aristotle rented space in Lyceum to start his academy. The new school attracted scholars from different parts of Greece. It was also at the new academy that Aristotle wrote about 200 writings (Bambrough and Bobzien 7). Most of the Aristotles writings that have survived are merely lecture notes, which he had written while teaching Alexander the Great. The Oragon refers to the collection of works that have been used by philosophers and scientific researchers from different parts of the world. Additionally, Aristotle compiled a set of writings on biology, zoology, cosmology, and other fields of study. Contemporary philosophers refer to the work as Physics. This body of work has helped many researchers to gain knowledge and apply theories that they attribute to Aristotle (Saugstad 346). Moreover, philosophers have been using Aristotles work on metaphysics to explain the existence of God. Aristotle developed the theological theories and conceptualizations to study the existence of a deity. It is important to note that the theory by Aristotle has been an influence for scholars to develop different theological theories. Finally, Aristotle developed the study of rhetoric which people have been using to analyse speeches and arguments (Atwill 23). The work is one of the most important contributions of Aristotle to the development of human knowledge since it can be used to analyse people's arguments and speeches critically.Application of Aristotles WorksUnlike Plato, Aristotle focused on the material world. He based his studies on things that he could observe. According to Aristotle, it was more important for human beings to understand the material world than the non-material or the world of Being, which was just theoretical. It is still possible to...

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Qualitative Research Essay - 3386 Words

BASIC CONCEPTS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH (An Essay) By Deborah Sitorus One of the ways to gain knowledge is by carrying out some research. As what Zacharia (2012) stated that in daily life most people conduct research to gain knowledge. A research can be carried out qualitatively or quantitatively depends on the research purposes and needs and the type of information the researcher is seeking. My concern in this essay is to briefly share my understandings about basic concepts of qualitative research that I gained from my readings on some books on qualitative research methods as well as from the class discussion with lecturer and colleagues on qualitative research course at the university. The basic concepts of qualitative research that will†¦show more content†¦In quantitative research, the researcher relies on statistical analysis (mathematical analysis) of the data, which is typically in numeric form. In qualitative research, statistics are not used to analyze the data; instead, the inquirer analyzes words (e.g., transcriptions from interviews) or images (e.g., photographs). Rather than relying on statistical procedures, the qualitative researcher analyzes the words to group them into larger meanings of understanding, such as codes, categories, or themes (Creswell, 2012). In addition, both qualitative and quantitative researchers are concerned with the individua ls’ point of view. However, qualitative researchers think they can get closer to the actor’s perspective through detailed-interviewing and observation. They argue that quantitative researchers are seldom able to capture their subjects perspective because they have to rely on more remote, inferential empirical methods and materials (Denzin and Lincoln, 2000). Despite all these differences, one of the strengths of qualitative research design is that it often allows for far greater (theoretically informed) flexibility than in most quantitative research designs (Silverman, 2005). The allure of qualitative research also enables the researcher to conduct in-depth studies about a broad array of topics, including the favorites, in plain and everyday terms (Yin, 2011). Furthermore, qualitative research designs tend to workShow MoreRelatedQualitative Research Essay3380 Words   |  14 PagesCONCEPTS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH (An Essay) By Deborah Sitorus One of the ways to gain knowledge is by carrying out some research. As what Zacharia (2012) stated that in daily life most people conduct research to gain knowledge. A research can be carried out qualitatively or quantitatively depends on the research purposes and needs and the type of information the researcher is seeking. My concern in this essay is to briefly share my understandings about basic concepts of qualitative research thatRead More Qualitative and Quantitative Research Essay1660 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction This essay aims to cover two main focus points. The first section of this essay will take an in depth look at the major differences between two research methods – Qualitative and Quantitative. I will explore when and why they are used for specific types of research and how they apply to some types of work more effectively. The second area for this essay will be based around the research question- what factors contribute to you feeling anxious during sport or exercise? I will then goRead MoreQualitative Research Essay1628 Words   |  7 PagesQualitative Research in Nursing Date of last revision : January 28, 2011 â€Å"Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts† -Albert Einstein INTRODUCTION †¢ Qualitative research methods have become increasingly important as ways of developing nursing knowledge for evidence-based nursing practice. Qualitative research answers a wide variety of questions related to nursings concern with human responses to actual or potential health problems. (Ploeg JRead MoreQuantitative Qualitative Research Essays1552 Words   |  7 PagesIn this essay I will be comparing and contrasting Quantitative and Qualitative research methods, discussing the Epistemology, methodology, and the varying techniques each method uses. The essay will also take a brief look at the Ethical considerations of research using relevant psychology examples. Here, when considering the epistemology behind both research methods, we must see it in terms of our essential philosophy of ideas and concepts and the ways in which it can be shaped (Pidgeon amp; HenwoodRead MoreEssay on Qualitative and Quantitative Research889 Words   |  4 Pages Qualitative and Quantitat ive study designs both can be beneficial in research design. They both provide valuable options for researchers in the field. These techniques can either be used separately in a research study or they can be combined to achieve maximum information. This paper will define the terms qualitative and quantitative; describe the similarities and differences between each; discuss how qualitative and/or quantitative research designs or techniques could be used in the evaluationRead MoreResearch and Qualitative Research in Nursing Essay1974 Words   |  8 PagesNursing research has been a part of nursing practice for many years, consisting of both qualitative and quantitative research; it is essential in guiding nursing practice. Many nurses have a baseline understanding of research in general, but it is important for the researcher to understand their own values and beliefs when determining the type of research they will be performing. By understanding the differences between epistemolog y, methodology, and methods, the researcher can confidently conductRead MoreQualitative and Quantitative Research Methods Essay1971 Words   |  8 PagesThis Essay will compare and contrast two different research methods that are qualitative and quantitative methods endeavouring to highlight differences and similarities between them, and providing example how they are applied through airline industry. According to Kotler et al.( 2010 p. 124-125) â€Å" Marketing research is a process that identifies and defines marketing opportunities and problems, monitors and evaluates marketing actions and performance, and communicates the findings and implicationsRead More Qualitative Research Critique Essay1829 Words   |  8 PagesArticle Citation Gilmartin, J. (2003). Day surgery: Patients’ perceptions of a nurse-led preadmission clinic. Journal of Clinical Nursing 13, 243-250. Initial Reaction This research article is from the UK and the writer questions if the findings from this study will have heuristic relevance and applicability to nursing and healthcare in the United States (U.S.). Primary healthcare in the UK is provided through the National Health Service (NHS); this writer has little knowledge as to how itRead MoreQualitative Research Methods Essay13327 Words   |  54 Pagesfollowing qualitative research methods: case study, phenomenological, and grounded theory. Synthesize the findings and determine which is best suited to a study on your potential dissertation topic. Analyze the issues associated with sample selection, validity, and bias in such a study. Qualitative Research Methods Introduction It is common for researchers to compare qualitative and quantitative research methods. Quantitative methods originate from positivist and post- positivist research paradigmsRead MoreEssay on An Analysis of Qualitative Research Methods2834 Words   |  12 PagesAn Analysis of Qualitative Research Methods Qualitative political and historical researchers seek to analyze social or political phenomena from multiple perspectives in order to gain an in-depth understanding of their research topic, as well as insight into the broader scope of their disciplines. They accomplish these goals by using case-specific methods that are designed to generate knowledge and yet are limiting in that same area. Because of their selectively designed character, each

Monday, May 18, 2020

Emotional Intelligence And Social Skill - 1592 Words

Within Emotional Intelligence, which was discussed in my previous tenet, there are several components. Empathy and social skill are two specific components within Emotional Intelligence that tie in nicely with the tenet of being empathetic. In order to be empathetic with another individual, one must have social skill. Social skill is defined as â€Å"proficiency in managing relationships and building networks that can be expanded in a source of persuasiveness† (Goleman 103). Being able to hold a conversation with someone can slowly build a relationship in which that person is more comfortable in revealing his or her issues to you. If a leader is able to do this with his subordinates, than his or her subordinates will feel more inclined to approach them in a more personalized manner. This can ultimately lead to an empathetic conversation that can reveal as to why a person is going through a certain trouble or hardship. After building this relationship with the subordinate, a le ader can then empower them to lead which is an aspect that falls within what makes an authentic leader (George et al. 152). If a leader is able to display this to their subordinates, it can build resiliency in the subordinates which is a trait that any leader would want in their group. An empathetic leader can also instill self-regulation that provides a sense of well-being in the affective domain of the resiliency model. The affective domain consists of self-regulatory factors that are involved in theShow MoreRelatedEmotional Intelligence And Interpersonal Intelligence912 Words   |  4 PagesEmotional Intelligence Picture a world where humans could not understand each other’s feelings. It looks pretty bleak, right? Luckily, humans do have the ability to comprehend others’ facial and body expressions, emotions, and language. Since this is such a beneficial and amazing power that we hold, it has been labeled as a sort of intelligence- emotional intelligence. The ability to control and express our emotions, as well as understand, recognize, and response to others’ emotions is essentialRead MorePersonal Statement On Emotional Intelligence1593 Words   |  7 Pages Emotional Intelligence Tanveer Vora 1610793 University Canada West Professor: Dr. Michele Vincenti MGMT601 Leadership in the Global Context 16th January 2017 Abstract The paper discusses about the emotional intelligence, which has various factors. The factors are self awareness, motivation, self regulation, social skills and empathy. In case of effective leadership, these factors plays major role. However, emotional intelligence is teachable to improve the personal skills and personality.Read MoreEmotional Intelligence On The Workplace1528 Words   |  7 PagesEmotional Intelligence in the Workplace When most people think of emotional intelligence (EI), they are unsure about what exactly that phrase means. Is it someone who is very emotional? Someone who is very smart? What is it and why is it important in the workplace? Emotional intelligence is a phrase that encompasses many different traits that a person could have as far as maintaining control in the workplace and also how to read people and different things they may be feeling. Emotional intelligenceRead MoreEmotional Intelligence And Personal Intelligence1571 Words   |  7 Pagesthe task to explain emotional intelligence, and give two (2) example of the concept. Second, to examine, the concept of â€Å"emotional quotient† compared to traditional â€Å"intelligence quotient.† Third to suggest two to three (2-3) reasons why leaders’ need emotional intelligence to manage today’s workforce, as well as to speculate on at least two (2) possible consequences should a leader not possess emotio nal intelligence. Fourth, to explore the elements of emotional intelligence that leaders must beRead MoreThe Skills And Knowledge I Learned Through The Course1510 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction The following paper will demonstrate the skills and knowledge I learned through the course. This course had taught me many things in leadership such as management vs leadership, emotional intelligence, team stages of development, situational leadership, servant leadership, and Myers-Brigs Personality assessment tool. Also, while taking this course, I also identified my dependable strengths as well as my areas of weakness. At the beginning, I will talk about my personal definition ofRead MoreEmotional Intelligence And Nursing Leadership1638 Words   |  7 PagesEmotional Intelligence and Nursing Leadership Today, the emphasis on the word leadership leads us to believe that it is unattainable by the average person. We hear phrases such as leaders are born and not created that make us feel that leadership is only for the few. In some instances, this could be the case, but a form of leadership that can be learned by anyone is known as emotional intelligence. Using leadership of this kind can be used in all sorts of career fields such as corporate, salesRead MoreEmotional Intelligence ( Eq )950 Words   |  4 PagesEmotional Intelligence (EQ) can best be described as the ability to identify and manage your own emotions as well as others (Psychology Today). Generically speaking, this definition will suffice, but the more detailed levels of understanding help provide a clearer picture as to what emotional intelligence is. A high level of EQ has a direct correlation with effective leadership because both subjects involve groups of people. Emotional Intelligence can be broken up into five c ategories, all of whichRead MoreEmotional, Emotional And Emotional Intelligence1666 Words   |  7 PagesEmotional intelligence is ‘the ability to perceive emotions, to access and generate emotions so as to assist thought, to understand emotions and emotional knowledge, and to reflectively regulate emotions so as to promote emotional and intellectual growth’ (Mayer Salovey, 1997). Emotional Intelligence is the ability to understand, accept and recognize our own emotions and feelings, including their impact on ourselves and other people and to use this knowledge to improve our own behaviours as wellRead MoreOrganizational and Professional Development1519 Words   |  6 PagesDevelopment Introduction Social intelligence has been defined as the ability to understand and manage other people, and to engage in adaptive social interactions like making them to get along with you. Social intelligence entails a persons awareness to a situation and the social dynamics that accompany the situation and the knowledge of the strategies and interaction style, that, he/she can use to achieve the desired objective while dealing with others (Bob, 2008). Social intelligence has gained popularityRead MoreThe Integration Of Emotional Intelligence Into Healthcare1583 Words   |  7 PagesIntegration of Emotional Intelligence into Healthcare Throughout today’s healthcare industry, many organizations have been constantly striving to stay ahead of the competition. One area of focus has been improvement of the organization’s leaders. In order to create a strong organizational culture and successful healthcare system, effective leadership is needed. It is thought that one major characteristic that aids in the effectiveness of many leaders is the ability to utilize their emotional intelligence

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The History and Outlooks and a Job in Special Education

Special Education Teaching students with special needs is highly rewarding. â€Å"Every child deserves a champion- an adult who will never give up on them, who understands the power of connection, and insists that they become the best they can possibly be.† (Pierson). Special education teachers work with and serve as a mentor to students who have a wide range of learning, mental, emotional and physical disabilities. The history of special education dates back to Europe in the early 16th century. Special education first developed in Spain with classes offered for the deaf. At the end of the 18th century, Valentin Huay of France opened an institute for the blind. â€Å"Following Huay’s success, similar schools were established over the next twenty five years in Liverpool, Vienna, London, Berlin, Amsterdam, Zurich, Stockholm and Boston.† (Britannica). In the United States, the first public school for children with learning handicaps opened in Boston in 1869. Modern special education of the mentally impaired developed in France in the early 19th century by physician Jean Marc Itard. Throughout the 20th century, special schools and termed institutions for the mentally impaired were accepted and encouraged. Anne Sullivan Macy was a skilled teacher best known for her work with Helen Keller, a deaf, blind, and mute child. Nothing in Sullivan’s early years encouraged her lively open mind. She did not attend school; she was hot-tempered and nearly blind from trachoma that was leftShow MoreRelatedElementary Teacher : Mind Builders1339 Words   |  6 PagesElementary Teachers: Mind Builders The education of young children will always play an important role in society. As children grow into teenagers and eventually adults, they are constantly learning and evolving. If we think in terms of building a house then elementary teachers are in charge of laying the foundation. The foundation of a home always come firsts and helps keep a house standing. Young, impressionable children learn some of their greatest life lessons while in elementary school likeRead MoreSo You Want to Be a Federal Agent Essay1159 Words   |  5 Pagesto federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners† (â€Å"Quick Facts†). There are many different qualifications and requirements to become an FBI Special Agent but the salary and career outlook make them worth it. Federal Agents have many duties and can specialize in a vast array of different areas. â€Å"As an FBI Special Agent you may work on issues the encompass terrorism, foreign counterintelligence, organized crime, extortion, kidnapping, whit-collar crime, public corruption, civilRead MoreBecoming A Liberal Arts Based School1212 Words   |  5 Pagespursuing the right thing here and not wasting my time. With having the ability to take a lot of intro courses, I decided on majoring in Psychology with a concentration in Elementary Education. After being at Stockton for almost three years, I am getting closer to the completion of my Bachelor’s degree in Psychology. My outlook now is there is light at the end of the tunnel. Even though I am still working for my degree this process has been very stressful and long, and at time I have become frustratedRead MoreFarming: Feeding the World Essay893 Words   |  4 Pagesagricultural jobs at 900,000, but over 2.1 million people own, rent, and claim farming as a primary source of income. The average farm size has dropped from 460 acres in 1990 to 418 acres in 2007, while the average age of this occupation rose to 57, making this one of the older workforces in the United States. Education and work conditions required for this job changed considerably. It used to be that growing up on a farm and learning as you go was the primary source of education and job experienceRead MoreBenefits Of A Registered Nurse1717 Words   |  7 Pagesregistered nurse (RN) is â€Å"a nurse who has more training and experience than a licensed practical nurse and who has passed a special exam† (Merriam Webster Dictionary). They provide patient care, educate patients and the public, and provide advice and support to patients and family members (Occupational Outlook Handbook â€Å"What They Do† www.bls.gov). Nursing is a very rewarding job. They help take care of sick or injured patients, making sure that they receive the best treatment. RNs can make a differenceRead MoreHistory Of Nursing Anesthetists And The Administration Of Anesthesia1426 Words   |  6 PagesHistory of Nursing Anesthetists Nurse anesthetists are nurses that have specialized in the administration of anesthesia. They have completed the additional schooling, and other requirements necessary to prepare them for this career. Nurse anesthetists have a challenging career that they are fairly compensated for. It is a respected profession that is estimated to grow significantly in the future. Furthermore there are many options for growth and promotion opportunities. This career comes withRead MoreA Brief Note On The Fashion Industry And Films1615 Words   |  7 Pagesenhancing the person’s appearance using cosmetics, with the help of cosmetologist to create effects and characters (â€Å"Makeup Artist Job Description†). People may think it’s just hair, but there’s more to it and can lead to more opportunities. Cosmetologist are specialized in many different departments of beauty, providing professional editorial help for people and special effects for movies or other projects. Since the idea making ourselves look better has been around forever now, the first person toRead MoreCareers of Design: Interior and Fashion Essay1715 Words   |  7 Pagesmaintain a source of income for themselves and their families. These adults can fit their jobs into certain categories, such as medical, legal, or labor, and yet there are still many professions that fit into a different type of category: Fine Arts. Fine Arts is an unique category in which two special occupations fall into: a fashion designer and an interior designer. Fine Arts is a unique category that some adults’ jobs fit into. Fine Arts employs a majority of people who are artistic and are creativeRead MorePhysical Therapists And Physical Therapy1219 Words   |  5 Pagesbecome a qualified physical therapist. The promising job outlook and good pay benefits, combined with possessing certain skills, makes this career in physical therapy a great choice. Physical therapist care for people of all ages with functional problems (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2) that result from illnesses or injuries connected to sports, work, or everyday activities. Physical therapists typically review a patient s medical history and any notes or referrals from surgeons, doctors,Read MorePhysical Therapy, Pt, And Occupational Therapy966 Words   |  4 PagesPhysical therapy, PT, and occupational therapy, OT, are two careers that help people heal and rehabilitate. PTs and OTs may seem similar at a glance, but they have just as many differences. The job descriptions and history vary, but the salary, requirements, and goals are fairly alike. They both take much skill and expertise, and few people actually understand the difference between the two. Therapy is the treatment of disease or disability through rehabilitation processes. Both physical

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Research Methods Are Based On Aims And Understanding The...

1. Qualitive research methods are based on aims and understanding the world through ideas, beliefs, practices and values, they do this by using the term meaning over measurement. Qualitive researchers try to understand society by analysing feeling and words rather than numbers and data. However unlike Quantitive researchers they use the scientific approach and believe that the world can be proved using number and percentages. I have chosen to use Qualitive research because I think it is a better way of understanding the world because I think it is the most appropriate way of knowing what people’s experiences and attitudes of the world are. For instance methods such as interviews, conversation and focus groups which create a nice environment for people to discuss their feelings and beliefs on a certain topic. With all the information you have gathered from a focus group, you then can take that information to create a hypothesis. Then from there you can come up with a theory; however it won’t necessarily prove anything to an exact it will only come from what we have all ready experienced in our lives. Whereas Qualitive approach would take a survey on how much, or how much and this method would then prove evidence by data. The use of rigorous qualitative research methods can enhance the development of quality measures the development and dissemination of comparative quality reports as well as quality improvement efforts , Sofaer’(2002) . Also in my opinion I believe thatShow MoreRelatedSociology as a Science Essay1149 Words   |  5 Pagesreason, experience and experiment to the natural and social world. Sociologists approached the study of society and change by using scientific means as they were inspired by the recognition of the value of scientific principles and procedures. Science is a systematic, rigorous, controlled discipline aimed at understanding, gathering knowledge about and predicting occurrences within the natural world. If a research method has these characteristics it can be considered ‘scientific’Read MoreErikson s Psychosocial Theory Personality924 Words   |  4 Pagesindividuals go through beginning from birth though old age. Individuals can undergo physical, psychological, behavioral, and social changes that can impact the development of personality. According to Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory personality evolves through several stages of development (Zastrow Kirst-Ashman, 2015). One of the benefits of having a cross-cultural perspective in regards to life span development is that it allows practitioners to see the â€Å"various cultural values, beliefs, and practices† ofRead MoreThe Epistemology Of The Decision Making Process Of Burglars1629 Words   |  7 PagesThe aim of this essay is to attempt to identify the epistemology implicated in the research conducted by Emmeline Taylor about the decision making process of burglars. Essay begins with a concise definition of Criminology and a brief outline of ‘Rational Choice Theory’ which can be utilised to understand the decision making process of offenders and to provide a background for the notion of the rationality among burglars whilst acting criminal behaviour. Then it will continue with the explanationRead MoreA Philosophical Framework For A Project1180 Words   |  5 Pagescritical issue. In addition to this, in order to show clearly the aim as well as the focus of the project, each step must be appropriate, and ‘fit’ if we want to talk with the language of modern research philosophies. Projects should also be characterized by a logical cohesion, so philosophical approaches should be placed correctly while organizing the plan for a project. To start with, this essay discusses the different research philosophies as well as gives many different authors’ views. FirstRead MoreIs Science Rational? Essay1526 Words   |  7 Pages As people, we come with earlier knowledge and understandings on subjects and topics of study, â€Å"Science† being one of them. We make presumptions, based on either reasonable evidence or that our thoughts and ideas are known as true by others. Through this we have come to understand and define science as its aims, leaving its definition, whether consciously or unconsciously, unchallenged. We have taken advantage of the label that we have set for science, as well as its goals, and failed to lookRead MoreMetaphysics Of Muhammad Iqbal1474 Words   |  6 PagesIqbals metaphysic thought and its connectivity to all philosophers overall tend to be very broad. However, it does not diminish the value of this study entitled Metaphysical Thought of Muhammad Iqbal and His College in Reconstructing Character at Institution of Education, (Case Study at Educational Foundation Prof. Dr. H. Kadirun Yahya) In this study the author limits within the conceptual scope, the view of Muhammad Iqbal in metaphysics. Also, the factor, background, and view of Muhammad IqbalRead MoreReasons For The Study Of Spirituality From A Theological Perspective1728 Words   |  7 Pagesntroduction The aim of this essay is to discuss Wolftiech’s reasons for the study of spirituality from a practical theological perspective. It will do this by outlining the reasons for study found in Wolftiech s writings. Resultantly, it will discuss the strengths, weaknesses, and implications of Wolftiech s reasons viewed from a Reformed theological frame of reference. Finally, a conclusion will be offered suggesting a reforming approach to Practical theology. Wolftiech s reasons WolftiechRead MoreKnowledge Takes the Form of a Combination of Stories and Facts.992 Words   |  4 Pagesconsidering about the authenticity of the statement on whether the stories or facts are the parts to construct the knowledge, it’s important to get an understanding of the key terms at the beginning by the defining these terms. A fact stands for the theory which had been proved by actual science research or observations, whereas the story is a narrative which is based on fiction. A fact is usually a statement which describe a truth in short explanation. It is the study which focuses on the nature and involvesRead MoreQualitative Research: Idealist Ontology887 Words   |  4 PagesQualitative research aims to comprehend the meaning of human action and investigates phenomenon as it occurs in its natural context through subjective means of inquiry (Carter Little, 2001 Hoft, 2011). This paper sets out to identify four features of research as they apply to qualitative res earch: ontology, epistemology, methodology, and sampling, through the investigation of the article The health-care environment on a locked psychiatric ward: An ethnographic study (Johansson, Skarsater Read MoreDoes the scientific method necessarily always produce reliable and valid knowledge?1506 Words   |  7 PagesScientific method is an epistemological system used by the scientists to investigate natural phenomena, developing new knowledge or correcting preceding knowledge (Jennings, 2008:5). It is considered the best objective framework to construct an accurate representation of the world, it include ideas, procedures, rules, techniques and modes which exist in theoretical research, applied research, development and promotion of scientific activities. This essay aim to prove that although the scientific

An Analysis of P.S. I Love You Essay - 3118 Words

Running Head: P.S. I LOVE YOU 1 An Analysis of P.S. I Love You Tammy McDaniel ENG 225 Jonathan Beller August 15, 2011 P.S. I LOVE YOU 2 An Analysis of P.S. I Love You The 2007 film, P.S. I Love You, is a film about learning to let go and move on with your life after the death of a spouse. The Film stars Hilary Swank, Million Dollar Baby and Gerard Butler, 300. It also stars Lisa Kudrow as Denise, Gina Gershon as Sharon, James Marsters as John, Kathy Bates as Patricia (Hollys mom), Nellie McKay as Ciara (Hollys sister), Harry Connick Jr. as Daniel, and Jeffrey Dean Morgan as William. This paper will critique the film, P.S. I Love You, through textual and formal†¦show more content†¦The character drives the film,because you want to see how Holly handles receiving the letters and following through with what Gerry wants her to do. This is a film that uses flashbacks to help you understand certain things. The flashbacks in this film allows the audience to see just how much Gerry loved Holly. It shows that he loved her so much he wanted to help her move on with her life. He wrote those letters knowing that he was going to die. He wanted to help ease Hollys pain after he was gone. I feel that the flashbacks in this film help the film so much, because without them you would never really know how much Gerry loved Holly. This Film used realism acting. This is acting that does not draw attention to itself but instead gives the impression of genuine human action and emotion. (Goodykoontz Jacobs, 2011) I believe that both Hilary Swank and Gerard Butler are wild card actors. Wild card actors are actors that can play a wide variety of characters equally without becoming typecast. (Goodykoontz Jacobs,Show MoreRelatedThe Shame of the Nation by Jonathan Kozol1730 Words   |  7 PagesI. Analysis of the mechanics of the book. If anyone in the United States were asked, What is the best part about living in this country?, most people would answer equality. The United States is built on and known for the equality among its citizens and is often referred to as the melting pot. After reading Jonathan Kozols, The Shame of the Nation, equality is nonexistent within the schools he has gone to, and has been employed through. With his travels, expert testimony and personal storiesRead MoreA Product Called Earn Cash Annual And Make Money With Google1332 Words   |  6 Pages In this review I will be taking a look at a product called Earn Cash Yearly or Make Money With Google or Make Money With Google And Clickbank...yeah, these are all the different names for the same product on the same sales page. (I ll be referring to it as Make Money With Google from now on.) Also, this product is apparently created by Jean, a successful internet business woman for over seven years. If you ve been around Kirby s Marketing before, you know that I like to purchaseRead MoreThe Beatles were an English rock band that formed in Liverpool, in 1960. With John Lennon, Paul1700 Words   |  7 Pagesin Liverpool due to the Merseybeat movement. During a performace at the â€Å"Cavern Club†, they encountered Brian Epstein, a record store owner and music columnist. He only had good things to say about them: I immediately liked what I heard. They were fresh, and they were honest, and they had what I thought was a sort of presence  ... [a] star quality. Epstein ended up courting them for a few months before finally becoming their manager in January of 1962. He was able to get The Beatles an audition withRead MoreTeaching Writing Informal Letters8861 Words   |  36 PagesContents Introduction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦2 Chapter I. General notion of writing†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.3 1.1.Writing skills†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦3 1.2. The importance of effective writing skills†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..6 1.3. Informal writing†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.7 1.4. Letter writing†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...9 1.5. Different types of letters†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦11 Chapter II.Teaching writing informal letters†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦13Read MoreThe Theory Of Social Exchange Theory Essay2323 Words   |  10 Pagesa great job presenting SET to us in this week’s media, I hope you all enjoyed it. Now, we can further consider it by applying the concepts to real life situations such as our family case study, our own family, or other examples you find to be beneficial to you and our collective growth as future APNs. 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Human Beings Theory - Value - and Progress

Question: Discuss anout the Human Beings for Theory, Value, and Progress. Answer: Introduction The human psychology involves studies on behavioural, cultural, developmental, neuropsychological, evolutionary, cognitive and other fields that explore the understanding of the mind connecting body. As per academic discipline, psychological studies involve understanding individual or group with the implementation of general principles and evidence-based research. Without the effective research, observation and evaluation it is not possible to generate effective psychological findings because psychology completely depends on observations and evaluation irrespective of experimentation like other science fields (Staddon, 2014). Behavioural psychology or behaviourism is one such ideal field of psychology that purely depends on the observation and evaluation of human behaviour to determine their mind psychology (Benson, 2014). With this understanding, the present study is a scenario-based research where behavioural analysis is performed for provided case scenario of classroom-based research where interventions are developed for detected behavioural issues. In this research paper, these strategies are evaluated and justified using Operant conditioning theory principle to determine their effectiveness. Further, Operant conditioning theory are evaluated by comparing it to other behaviourism theories further determining the sustainability of this Operant conditioning approach for resolving the issues in provided scenario. The research focuses on evaluation of provided scenario to determine the behavioural issues and propose possible interventions using Operant conditioning further determining the sustainability of Operant conditioning as an effective approach for behavioural changes in provided scenario Range of behaviours in the classroom as per scenario displayed by this age group In the provided case scenario, Jane being the teacher of primary 5 students observed that her class is not at all participative and interested in her class. The identified problems that percept behavioural issues are students do not participate in classroom discussion, students do not provide any response in class as well as they dont even complete their assignments and homework. Jane finds it difficult to manage such class that is non-cooperative showing lack of interest. According to Martin, Sass Schmitt (2012) studies the profile of student having a lack of motivation in class. A most possible behaviour indicating the lack of motivation are student remaining off-task, lack of attention, response and interest. As per this study, the most common cause of this behaviour is the lack of classroom learning activities and instructions. This lack of classroom instruction increases the power of external stimulus. Therefore, as per this study, lack of motivation in classroom activities and learning can be considered as a reason for this improper behaviour of the student in provided case scenario. Kelm McIntosh (2012) studied that behaviour is a communication form for small age student that they apply to obtain something (more time, attention, desired learning, sensory stimulation) or avoid something (difficult task boring class, anger, frustration, demand) in class. Student show classroom incivilities to show their escape/avoid something communication in class. These classroom incivilities involve cheating, lateness, lacking attention, no participation, side conversation etc. therefore, classroom incivilities like lack of participation and attention are observed in the students of present scenario. Remington, Osmanski Wang (2012) studied about the different types challenging behaviour in the school context that involves aggressive behaviour, disruptive behaviour, destructive behaviour, withdrawal behaviour, stereotypical behaviour and self-injurious behaviour. Out of this list of challenging behaviour the student in present case scenario shows withdrawal behaviour that describes a refusal of response such as selective mutism by students. In present case scenario, student shows selective mutism behaviour because they refuse to answer the question of teacher and do not participate in class discussion. This indicates that student in present case scenario shows challenging behaviour that requires management. Strategies to manage this behaviour (operant conditioning techniques) The provided case scenario indicates issues like lack of motivation, effective classroom instruction, issues in reinforcing the power of academic activities and lacking classroom engagement. These errors are detected as per the students behavioural analysis performed in this paper. To amend these issues and get expected student behaviourism the teacher needs to implement certain specific interventions or strategies that are developed as per operant conditioning theory. According to ONeill Stephenson (2012), Operant conditioning is a learning process where any behaviour strength is modified as per the reinforcement or punishment for that particular behaviour. The strategy category that is either reinforcement (increase behaviour) or punishment (decrease behaviour) is adopted as per the requirement in behavioural modification. The strategies developed using Operant conditioning theory and principles as the most suitable approach are described below in details: Increasing motivation by implementing classroom reinforcing activities and instructions Some of the most effective classroom engagement strategies for primary student studied by Martin, Sass Schmitt (2012) involves bell ringer activities, quick pace instructions, cooperative learning activities and opportunity of choice. ONeill Stephenson (2012) indicated that bell ringer activities involving reading, discussions etc. are meant to grab attentiveness of small age children because naive mind responds to stimulations like bells. Further, quick pace classroom instructions help the teacher to avoid the off-task difficulty in classroom engagement by capturing and holding the attention of students. The cooperative learning activities help to develop group engagement that can induce a healthy classroom discussion. Lastly, reinforcing activity like the opportunity of choice help to develop motivation and interest related to any classroom activity. For example Out of 2 assignments, if the student is provided with the choice to select one assignment or student are provided choi ce to sit where they want or select a peer to check their homework etc. These opportunities work as feed to grow classroom interest and motivation. These reinforcing activities and instructions are perfectly suitable for implementing the behavioural defects detected in present case scenario. The bell ringer activity will work to reinforce attentiveness and eliminate withdrawal behaviour of children. Further, quick pace instructions will help in classroom engagement and off-task behaviour of the student. The cooperative learning will induce group engagement that will help children participate in classroom discussion and opportunity of choice will help in getting homework and assignments done on time. Kelm McIntosh (2012) studied that Operant conditioning implements behavioural control as per two phenomena that is punishment and reinforcement. The reinforcement phenomenon works on two form that is positive (stimulus present) and negative (stimulus absent). The positive reinforcement works to correct certain behaviour whereas negative reinforcement is done to avoid the behaviour. The present reinforcement strategies are part of po sitive reinforcement as per operant conditioning because these strategies are based on putting a stimulus to develop behaviours that are missing in student perception in provided case scenario. Therefore, classroom reinforcing activities and instructions work as positive reinforcement strategies of operant conditioning. Establishing good discipline format in classroom Crahay, Marbaise Issaieva (2014) indicated that good discipline works as fuel to establish student motivation, interest and engagement behaviour with the elimination of classroom incivilities and external environment disruptions. Some of the good discipline strategies that are likely to work in present case scenario are: Strict rules and regulations in class Establish a class monitor Make student understand the importance of these rules Develop and show individual interest in each student Explain the consequences of student act These are some good discipline activities that will work to manage issues in present case scenario like not completing homework and not paying interest in class lessons. This strategy is a negative reinforcement strategy of operant conditioning that works to establish reinforcement without implementing a stimulus. Using punishments There are certain detected behaviours in present case study student that can only be modified by using punishment option of Operant conditioning. This behaviour is not completing homework or assignment given to students. As this behaviour is outside the classroom zone it requires punishment in form of punishments like documenting behaviour to parents, redoing the task or elimination from classroom sessions. Such punishments will work to decrease this behaviour in present case study students. This is a negative punishment strategy as per Operant conditioning because the stimulus is been removed or ignored to decrease a specific behaviour (Staddon, 2014). Evaluation of Operant Conditioning theory The operant conditioning theory provided by B. F. Skinner is a type of child development theory that works to explain the organisms response to and operation on its environment gaining the term operant conditioning. As per this theory, learning occurs by the change in behaviour where change can only occur by organisms response to its stimuli that is an environmental factor. This learning helps in the overall development of the child. This theory basically explains the development occurring as per learning process (Staddon, 2014). However, there are various other theories that also link to childhood development process but the operant conditioning theory holds a critical importance especially as well as exceptional limitations when compared to other theories. This section describes the strength and weaknesses of this theory compared to other developmental theories. Arntzen et al. (2010) indicated that operant conditioning theory holds very important characteristics and the phenomenon that are very much workable in field of education. This included learning language, practical advantages and various other areas of education. This theory persists power to mould behaviour with rewards and punishments rather than only studying the behaviour like Piaget theory, which is related only to the study of development at different stages of life. Further, Hostetler (2010) explained that no other theory except the operant conditioning is useful for scientific research and experimentation with student behaviour. All other theories like Erikson, bandura, Vygotsky etc. are based on observational studies and hold no importance in experimentation. According to Crahay, Marbaise Issaieva (2014) the Bandura social learning theory is only restricted to learning at social scenario whereas operant conditioning provides an understanding of overall learning process of c hildren as well as provides a control of children behaviour. However, Arntzen et al. (2010) studied the limitations or weaknesses of conditioning theory where it is clearly indicated that animal research remains a limitation of this theory. Skinner performed more research on animals rather than humans like in Piagets theory. Further, theory lacks concentration on cognition. Skinner was not able to determine the consequences of punishments and rewards. Lastly, this theory is not applicable to everyone because cognitive factors are not considered as part of theory formation. However, Raiola (2014) indicated that Operant conditioning approach works as a useful application for school-based learning being easy for implementation and understanding of students and teachers. As operant conditioning is a scientific approach based on objective strategies and measurable outcomes it is best suited to establish learning techniques at the educational level. Therefore, this operant conditioning theory is perfectly sustainable for present case scenario. By adopting the reinforcement and punishment strategies as per operant conditioning principle it is possible to implement desired behavioural changes in the present scenario. Conclusion The research paper focuses on provided case scenario where the detected behaviour problems with students are the lack of motivation, interest and engagement in classroom activities. There is classroom incivilities and withdrawal behaviour performed by the students in this scenario as identified in this research. For these identified behavioural issues some of the most appropriate intervention strategies are suggested based on Operant conditioning approach. As per operant conditioning theory, behavioural psychology is always based in conditioning leads to the formation of behaviour. This conditioning develops by interaction with the environment. As per behaviourism conditioning in form of our response to environment shape our behaviour. Therefore, developed strategies work as conditioning (environment) to resolve the on-going issues in classroom management. These interventions involve reinforcement strategies that are increasing motivation by bell ringer, quick pace instructions, cooperative learning, good discipline and much more to increase desired behaviour. Further, the punishment strategies are the letter to parents, classroom elimination and redoing task to avoid unexpected behaviour. The Operant conditioning theory is considered most appropriate for research on provided case scenario compared to other developmental theories because it is a workable approach for education research and learning process. With the help of operant reinforcing and punishment strategies the detected behavioural issues can be easily managed for effective classroom performance. References Benson, N. (2014).Introducing Psychology: a graphic guide. Icon Books Ltd. Staddon, J. (2014).The new behaviorism. Psychology Press. Arntzen, E., Lokke, J., Lokke, G., Eilertsen, D. E. (2010). On misconceptions about behavior analysis among university students and teachers.The Psychological Record,60(2), 325. Crahay, M., Marbaise, C., Issaieva, E. (2014). What is teachers belief in the virtues of student retention founded on?.ITALIAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, (11), 75-94. Hostetler, K. (2010). (Mis) Understanding human beings: theory, value, and progress in education research.Educational Studies,46(4), 400-415. Kelm, J. L., McIntosh, K. (2012). Effects of school?wide positive behavior support on teacher self?efficacy.Psychology in the Schools,49(2), 137-147. Martin, N. K., Sass, D. A., Schmitt, T. A. (2012). Teacher efficacy in student engagement, instructional management, student stressors, and burnout: a theoretical model using in-class variables to predict teachers' intent-to-leave.Teaching and Teacher Education,28(4), 546-559. ONeill, S., Stephenson, J. (2012). Does classroom management coursework influence pre-service teachers perceived preparedness or confidence?.Teaching and Teacher Education,28(8), 1131-1143. Raiola, G. (2014). Motor control and learning skills according to cognitive and ecological dynamic approach in a vision on behaviorism, cognitive, Gestalt and phenomenology theories.Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences,5(15), 504. Remington, E. D., Osmanski, M. S., Wang, X. (2012). An operant conditioning method for studying auditory behaviors in marmoset monkeys.PLoS One,7(10), e47895.